Updates from Professionals

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    Remilekun Falade 2 months ago

    Hello everyone. We are on to LitCaf. The very big one.

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    Adedamola Abraham 2 months ago

    Kids should not be encouraged to dump the sciences for anything. That is not hoe to grow an economy.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 2 months ago

    What caption for this? Surely a great shot.

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    Temitope Jeremiah 3 months ago

    This is how we do it. Happiness at work..Come try LitCaf

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    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    What we do at #LitCaf #Coworking

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    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Not all about tech. Our use base is diverse array of gentle men and ladies. #LitCaf is where you want to be. #Coworking #Yaba #Lagos

  • Litcaf - Tope

    Tope 5 months ago

    Lets do this together, Otondo friends.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    Dictionary definition of freelancer. How well do you agree with that?

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    Lovey Dovey 5 months ago

    Hello Everyone. Happy to be here on LitCaf

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    Apoola 5 months ago

    Idealized Biafra. Nothing shameful about that.

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    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    Good morning everyone. Wake up with a newer determination to achieve your objective.

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 5 months ago

    Still testing. One long test.

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    Apoola 5 months ago

    We got books to lend.

  • Litcaf -

    6 months ago

    Memory lane...Ken Saro Wiwa

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 6 months ago

    One innovation of ours.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 6 months ago

    May7ven was born in May 7. I thought that was obvious. However, that isn\'t what we are talking about now. Do you know that this website actually does not allow copy and paste because of its care about aesthetics?

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 6 months ago

    Me..Me..Me

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 7 months ago

    We research and present needed data to help with forecast, survey, and decision making. SND MiniMax Consultancy.

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 7 months ago

    Hello everyone. I like to introduce SND MiniMax Consultancy. We are involved in data collection and human capacity building.

  • Litcaf -

    7 months ago

    Hello, LitCaf. Seems very exciting, what\'s coming down here. Meanwhile, making a shout-out to best gal, May7.

Palm Oil

Palm fruits being sorted in this picture in Nigeria- ©T-Durrand Gasselin/ PalmElit SAS. Source: cirad.fr

Palm Oil is red oil extracted from palm fruits. To produce palm oil, the palm tree, Elaeis guineensis is being climbed by dexterous men for the harvest of nuts which is then separated for the fibrous pulp that goes into large clay pots, to be boiled. The pulp is crushed in mortars, and then placed into large water-filled vats where semi-liquid oil separates from the fibre. The oil now raised to the surface can be collected and boiled once more to rid it of water. In this process, the glycerides of fatty acids which he palm oil is composed of, splits into glycerol and free fatty acids. Oil is valued in the export market based on its type; whether it is soft and edible or hard. The softest, which are premium and lowest in Free Fatty Acid, are edible, while others are used for production of soap, and machine lubricators. Hard oil is used in candle manufacture and production of some kinds of soaps.

Demand for palm oil among Europeans provided immense opportunities especially for Yoruba women in the nineteenth century, being dominant players of the industry, preceded by Igbo producers who have established, decades before, the Bight of Biafra as the centre of oil export. By 1892, in author Martin Lynn’s account, there were 15 million Palm trees in the western region of Nigeria being used to produce oil for export. Palm Oil was one of the staple ingredients of the Igbo diet in eastern Nigeria, and following the criminalization of slave trade, catapulted some Igbo states sited near navigable waterways into great prosperity. Several competing British firms struggled on the Niger for Palm Oil when exported to industrializing Europe was used as lubricant, illuminant and fuel. Also the oil was used in soap industry and the new industry of margarine manufacture.

 

Palm oil factor interior, Old Calabar, 1800s
Inside a palm oil factory, Old Calabar, 1800s. Photo Credit: NYPL

Nigeria’s leadership in world Palm Oil industry began to decline following the discovery of crude oil, and the civil war that ravaged the country’s oil palm belt. Also, there has been too much reliance on traditional methods of production. The country soon lost its place to Malaysia and Indonesia. There has been an upward trend however, in demand and supply of red oil, following government drive to diversify the country’s economy.