Updates from Professionals

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    Remilekun Falade 4 weeks ago

    Hello everyone. We are on to LitCaf. The very big one.

  • Litcaf - Adedamola Abraham

    Adedamola Abraham 4 weeks ago

    Kids should not be encouraged to dump the sciences for anything. That is not hoe to grow an economy.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 1 month ago

    What caption for this? Surely a great shot.

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    Temitope Jeremiah 2 months ago

    This is how we do it. Happiness at work..Come try LitCaf

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    Temitope Jeremiah 3 months ago

    What we do at #LitCaf #Coworking

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    Temitope Jeremiah 3 months ago

    Not all about tech. Our use base is diverse array of gentle men and ladies. #LitCaf is where you want to be. #Coworking #Yaba #Lagos

  • Litcaf - Tope

    Tope 3 months ago

    Lets do this together, Otondo friends.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 3 months ago

    Dictionary definition of freelancer. How well do you agree with that?

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    Hello Everyone. Happy to be here on LitCaf

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    Apoola 4 months ago

    Idealized Biafra. Nothing shameful about that.

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    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Good morning everyone. Wake up with a newer determination to achieve your objective.

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 4 months ago

    Still testing. One long test.

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    Apoola 4 months ago

    We got books to lend.

  • Litcaf -

    5 months ago

    Memory lane...Ken Saro Wiwa

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    One innovation of ours.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    May7ven was born in May 7. I thought that was obvious. However, that isn\'t what we are talking about now. Do you know that this website actually does not allow copy and paste because of its care about aesthetics?

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 5 months ago

    Me..Me..Me

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 5 months ago

    We research and present needed data to help with forecast, survey, and decision making. SND MiniMax Consultancy.

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 5 months ago

    Hello everyone. I like to introduce SND MiniMax Consultancy. We are involved in data collection and human capacity building.

  • Litcaf -

    5 months ago

    Hello, LitCaf. Seems very exciting, what\'s coming down here. Meanwhile, making a shout-out to best gal, May7.

Ìwòfà

Possible Iwofa driving man riding on a chariot in front of Lagos police station, southern Nigeria. Early 1900s. Servitude like this was acceptable till the fist half of the 20th Century.
Man riding on a chariot in front of Lagos police station. Early 1900s. Servitude like this was acceptable till the first quarter of the 20th Century. Source: emmeonmedia.com

Ìwòfà, translated as ‘pawning’, was the system of constrained labour used in offsetting debts of different kinds in the 19th and 20th Century south-west Nigeria. In ancient times where a family had not the money to meet the funeral expenses of a relative, the members would sell the slaves they had or place themselves, their children or any personal property they had in pawns for the purpose- working “one week for their owner and one week for themesleves until they or the family had saved sufficiently to redeem the pawns”.

Pawned kids normally lived in the creditor’s household but married adults are allowed to live in their own houses to work for the creditor for an agreed duration. Rights of pawned individuals are reserved but the measure of their service to the creditor is targeted to either repay loans fully or to pay only the interest on the loan. Pawning was banned throughout southern Nigeria between 1928 and 1948, and the practise finally died towards the end of the colonial period. The Iwofa system has been compared with or even associated with indigenous slavery, which was not abolished in the southwest until 1916