Updates from Professionals

  • Litcaf - Remilekun Falade

    Remilekun Falade 4 weeks ago

    Hello everyone. We are on to LitCaf. The very big one.

  • Litcaf - Adedamola Abraham

    Adedamola Abraham 1 month ago

    Kids should not be encouraged to dump the sciences for anything. That is not hoe to grow an economy.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 1 month ago

    What caption for this? Surely a great shot.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 2 months ago

    This is how we do it. Happiness at work..Come try LitCaf

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 3 months ago

    What we do at #LitCaf #Coworking

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Not all about tech. Our use base is diverse array of gentle men and ladies. #LitCaf is where you want to be. #Coworking #Yaba #Lagos

  • Litcaf - Tope

    Tope 4 months ago

    Lets do this together, Otondo friends.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Dictionary definition of freelancer. How well do you agree with that?

  • Litcaf - Lovey Dovey

    Lovey Dovey 4 months ago

    Hello Everyone. Happy to be here on LitCaf

  • Litcaf - Apoola

    Apoola 4 months ago

    Idealized Biafra. Nothing shameful about that.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Good morning everyone. Wake up with a newer determination to achieve your objective.

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 4 months ago

    Still testing. One long test.

  • Litcaf - Apoola

    Apoola 4 months ago

    We got books to lend.

  • Litcaf -

    5 months ago

    Memory lane...Ken Saro Wiwa

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    One innovation of ours.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    May7ven was born in May 7. I thought that was obvious. However, that isn\'t what we are talking about now. Do you know that this website actually does not allow copy and paste because of its care about aesthetics?

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 6 months ago

    Me..Me..Me

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 6 months ago

    We research and present needed data to help with forecast, survey, and decision making. SND MiniMax Consultancy.

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 6 months ago

    Hello everyone. I like to introduce SND MiniMax Consultancy. We are involved in data collection and human capacity building.

  • Litcaf -

    6 months ago

    Hello, LitCaf. Seems very exciting, what\'s coming down here. Meanwhile, making a shout-out to best gal, May7.

Frederick Lugard

Lord Lugard
Oil on canvas picture of Lugard© National Portrait Gallery, London

Frederick Lugard was the first Governor General of Nigeria, who in January 1, 1914 amalgamated the Northern and the Southern protectorates to form one country under the British empire. Lugard was born in 1858 of missionary parents in India, and trained at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in England.

In 1894 Lugard visited Nigeria for the first time in the employ of the Royal Niger Company which was in contest with the French for a position at the lower Niger River. His methods in a similar engagement in East Africa four years earlier had drawn criticism from home in England. In 1900, the charter of the Royal Niger Company was revoked by the British government who now assumed administrative responsibility for territories the company formerly claimed. Lugard became the High Commissioner for Northern Nigeria, a position he will in fact work to substantiate, often by conquest. Lugard returned in 1912 after an administrative role in Hong Kong to Nigeria as governor of both the Northern and the Southern protectorates. He decided to unify the two when he observed great varieties in the systems of local government operating throughout the protectorates, which reflected the piecemeal way in which they had been absorbed into the British empire.

Lugard’s tenure of office, according to History professor, Akinjide Osuntokun, marked a period of personal rule, and he preferred to to rely on his “defective memory” than allow files to pass through his secretariat. His contempt for the educated native who he saw as agitators and conspirators is well documented. They in turn registered their contempt in the plethora of Lagos newspapers that dominated the thought of both the educated and the illiterate. Lugard’s extension to the South of the indirect rule system, which he had prosecuted in the North with aggregate success was met in the South with fierce resistance. Although the amalgamation of the North and South was to his credit, the creation of Southern ghettos known as Sabo garis all over the North, an act which accentuates cultural differences between the two were yet his making. Lugard wrote a book on imperial methodology, where he advocated for indirect rule and the morality with which it should be pursued. He remained an active public figure till his death in 1945 and his doctrine, set out in his book, became a guide to the administration of British colonies worldwide.