Federal Government College Ijanikin located in Kilometer 28, Lagos-Badagry Expressway, Lagos, was established in 1975 under temporary conditions. The Yaba Trade Center (now Federal Science and Technical College) which served as the site of the new secondary school proved inadequate for full school operations. The following decade started with the school moving to its present location at Ijanikin and this movement was followed by many lasting policy adjustments.
The Military Administration of Yakwubu Gowon, after the Nigerian Civil War had resolved to promote Unity among the youths. The same resolution that gave birth to the National Youth Service Corp also led to the establishment of Unity Schools. These schools, owned by the Federal government, were designed to be evenly distributed all over the federation. Federal Government College Lagos, also called FGGC Ijanikin is one of those Unity Schools.