Updates from Professionals

  • Litcaf - Remilekun Falade

    Remilekun Falade 4 weeks ago

    Hello everyone. We are on to LitCaf. The very big one.

  • Litcaf - Adedamola Abraham

    Adedamola Abraham 1 month ago

    Kids should not be encouraged to dump the sciences for anything. That is not hoe to grow an economy.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 1 month ago

    What caption for this? Surely a great shot.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 2 months ago

    This is how we do it. Happiness at work..Come try LitCaf

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 3 months ago

    What we do at #LitCaf #Coworking

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Not all about tech. Our use base is diverse array of gentle men and ladies. #LitCaf is where you want to be. #Coworking #Yaba #Lagos

  • Litcaf - Tope

    Tope 4 months ago

    Lets do this together, Otondo friends.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Dictionary definition of freelancer. How well do you agree with that?

  • Litcaf - Lovey Dovey

    Lovey Dovey 4 months ago

    Hello Everyone. Happy to be here on LitCaf

  • Litcaf - Apoola

    Apoola 4 months ago

    Idealized Biafra. Nothing shameful about that.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Good morning everyone. Wake up with a newer determination to achieve your objective.

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 4 months ago

    Still testing. One long test.

  • Litcaf - Apoola

    Apoola 4 months ago

    We got books to lend.

  • Litcaf -

    5 months ago

    Memory lane...Ken Saro Wiwa

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    One innovation of ours.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    May7ven was born in May 7. I thought that was obvious. However, that isn\'t what we are talking about now. Do you know that this website actually does not allow copy and paste because of its care about aesthetics?

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 6 months ago

    Me..Me..Me

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 6 months ago

    We research and present needed data to help with forecast, survey, and decision making. SND MiniMax Consultancy.

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 6 months ago

    Hello everyone. I like to introduce SND MiniMax Consultancy. We are involved in data collection and human capacity building.

  • Litcaf -

    6 months ago

    Hello, LitCaf. Seems very exciting, what\'s coming down here. Meanwhile, making a shout-out to best gal, May7.

Cocoa

Cocoa plantation farm in Ondo State
Mary David harvesting cocoa in her plantation farm in Ilutuntun camp in Odigbo Local Government Area, Ondo State. © Emmanuel Oshodi

Cocoa beans, used in making chocolate, are seeds from pods produced from the cocoa tree, from four years of its life; a small evergreen tree that grows exclusively in regions 20 degrees north or south of the equator. This perennial crop lasts for up to four decades. It thrives best under forest canopy where even temperatures of 21-23 degrees Celsius and rainfall 1000-2500mm per year is guaranteed. Seedlings, usually obtained from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture with office in Ibadan is best planted towards the beginning of the year’s rainy season, in the month of April or May. Nigeria, according to the ICCO, is the world’s sixth largest producers of cocoa, accounting for 7% of world production, and providing means of livelihood to about five million citizens. Ondo State is the largest producing state in the country, and Governor Mimiko, as part of the so called Cocoa Revolution established a chocolate factory in 2016.

Cocoa descended from the Americas, where it is native, during the massive return of immigrants in the late 19th Century. In 1879, J.P.L. Davies, a Nigerian merchant traversing the Atlantic obtained cocoa seeds from a Brazilians ship off the island of Fernad Po. For the next twenty years he was responsible for all Cocoa shipped from Lagos. Cocoa production soon replaced Palm Oil in many parts of South West Nigeria. By the 1910s, the crop had been introduced into interior areas like Ife, Ondo, and Ekiti. Within another two decades, it had become the most profitable cash crop in forest areas, wide spread among serious farmers. So important it did become that a buying cartel was formed in the 1930s between British firms and colonial officials to limit the competition. The crop remained a mainstay of the Nigerian economy till the oil boom era of the 1970s. The government, under President Babangida liberalized the marketing and trade of the crop as advised by the World Bank and the IMF. Products were then sold through cooperatives and licensed buying agents who in turn sell to exporting firms. This move proved to be detrimental as subsequent abolition of commodity boards ended the effectiveness of cooperatives. Production level of Cocoa, which stood at 308,000 metric tons in 1970 had declined almost by half in 1999.

The dwindling oil revenue has caused an increased interest in the diversification of the Nigerian economy, hence widespread campaign for more farmers to go into cocoa production. This appears to be a smart option as it has been projected that the world may run out of affordable cocoa supply in two decades.