Updates from Professionals

  • Litcaf - Remilekun Falade

    Remilekun Falade 2 months ago

    Hello everyone. We are on to LitCaf. The very big one.

  • Litcaf - Adedamola Abraham

    Adedamola Abraham 2 months ago

    Kids should not be encouraged to dump the sciences for anything. That is not hoe to grow an economy.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 2 months ago

    What caption for this? Surely a great shot.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 3 months ago

    This is how we do it. Happiness at work..Come try LitCaf

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    What we do at #LitCaf #Coworking

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Not all about tech. Our use base is diverse array of gentle men and ladies. #LitCaf is where you want to be. #Coworking #Yaba #Lagos

  • Litcaf - Tope

    Tope 4 months ago

    Lets do this together, Otondo friends.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 4 months ago

    Dictionary definition of freelancer. How well do you agree with that?

  • Litcaf - Lovey Dovey

    Lovey Dovey 5 months ago

    Hello Everyone. Happy to be here on LitCaf

  • Litcaf - Apoola

    Apoola 5 months ago

    Idealized Biafra. Nothing shameful about that.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 5 months ago

    Good morning everyone. Wake up with a newer determination to achieve your objective.

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 5 months ago

    Still testing. One long test.

  • Litcaf - Apoola

    Apoola 5 months ago

    We got books to lend.

  • Litcaf -

    6 months ago

    Memory lane...Ken Saro Wiwa

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 6 months ago

    One innovation of ours.

  • Litcaf - Temitope Jeremiah

    Temitope Jeremiah 6 months ago

    May7ven was born in May 7. I thought that was obvious. However, that isn\'t what we are talking about now. Do you know that this website actually does not allow copy and paste because of its care about aesthetics?

  • Litcaf - Tope Apoola

    Tope Apoola 6 months ago

    Me..Me..Me

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 6 months ago

    We research and present needed data to help with forecast, survey, and decision making. SND MiniMax Consultancy.

  • Litcaf - MI Apoola

    MI Apoola 6 months ago

    Hello everyone. I like to introduce SND MiniMax Consultancy. We are involved in data collection and human capacity building.

  • Litcaf -

    6 months ago

    Hello, LitCaf. Seems very exciting, what\'s coming down here. Meanwhile, making a shout-out to best gal, May7.

African Renaissance

African Woman reads her morning papers in early 1930s
Woman reads her morning papers in early 1930s. © LIFE

African Renaissance term used by authors is  descriptive of  the cultural movement in the British West Africa, in which the pioneer set of educated Africans, erstwhile propagators of the New Africa ideology, began to go native, in reaction to the racist tendencies of the whites. The term, “Renaissance” though qualified as “minor” was used by Ajayi JFA in his 1961 co-written book on Christian Missions and new elites, to describe this trend which became popular in Lagos In the late 19th Century. At this time, many literates and elites who looked down on their compatriots started seeing the dignity in the tenacity of others to local customs; an example being GW Johnson, who at the end of the century, emphasized Yoruba language and history, which he had disfavored earlier at Abeokuta in 1868. Even G.W. Johnson had used Osokele Tejumade in his latter correspondences around this time when Yoruba proverbs and riddle, published in 1885 went into circulation, and when the language were promoted as a spoken, written, and musical medium among intelligentsias. Philip Serge Zachernu in his book on Colonial subjects remarked that the predominance of the Yoruba among the intelligentsias in these years gave the movement a certain cultural core.

During this cultural revival, African names were being adopted for baptism among Christians like David Brown Vincent, who came to be known as Mojola Agbebi, Edmund Macaulay who became Kitoyi Ajasa, Pythagoras Haastrup who changed to Ademuyiwa Haastrup, and among several others, Jacob Henry Samuel who was now addressed as Adegboyega Edun. Mojola Agbebi, the clergy who trained as an engineer in England, made several speeches in defense of Ethiopianism, the growing philosophy of the Lagos Christian church. From 1888, several ecclesiastical schisms gave rise to Africanized churches, which began to employ African music in their worship. African dresses, adorned by many since the early 1880s, were by the close of the century, formally resolved to be the predominant dress style of teachers in Lagos. The Native Literature Publishing Bureau set up in the same decade was used intently as a means of disseminating indigenous knowledge. In medicine, Obadaih Johnson investigated the pharmacology of native healers, which he discovered to consist of some science. He also ensured the publishing of his brother’s twenty years effort, History of the Yorubas, which culminates the race started at the end of the 19th Century among literary natives to document indigenous history before it goes into oblivion. Another medical doctor, Abayomi Cole, without believing in the spirituality of the Ifa, showed that it was an important innovation that must have been constructed from scientific minds. Joseph Odunmosu reduced the Yoruba indigenous therapeutics into writing.

The renaissance in African soil coincided with the growth of African consciousness in America led by John E. Bruce, Edwar W. Blyden, Booker T. Washington and Du Bois, some of who established close ties with Lagos leaders of thought Mojola Agbebi, James Jonson and Thomas Payne. Among these persons on both sides of the Atlantic divide, there were intellectual exchanges and the Nigerian elite, rather than seeing himself as a different black, through the Anglophonian light, began to identify with diaspora Africans. The new spirit of this African Renaissance was celebrated in the reception given Marcus Garvey in 1920 creating a delightful impression which will persist in the minds of Nigerians abroad for one more decade at least before the spread of ethnic nationalism.